This historic carbine has seen alot of hard frontier use. The receiver and lock were period arsenal refinished and have acquired a beautiful aged patina. The right side is engraved in a circle " Capt. H.J. Richarz- Co. E- Texas Rangers". The right butt stock has a Texas Star formed by brass tacks. The rear sight appears to be gone for a long time. It may have been discarded and replaced with a buckhorn sight which was popular on the frontier at the time. The action works well with a solid half and full cock. Capt. Richarz was a Prussian soldier before settling in Texas in 1849 where he bought 500 acre near San Antonio. In 1853 he moved his sheep and cattle to Ft. Lincoln , in Medina County, fifty miles west of San Antonio. In 1861 he was commissioned by the Governor as Major commanding the Independent Battalion of mounted home guards of Medina County. Their duties consisted of continuous frontier engagements with the Indians. In 1870 the State of Texas , under permit and authority from the Federal Govt., organized a Frontier Force of Rangers, and Capt. Richarz was given a commision as Captain of E Company. Most of his Indian engagements were with the Kiowa's and the Comanches I have a thick folder on Capt. Richarz which will come with this great carbine.